Latin American History: The Challenges of Modern Nationhood: Discussion Questions and write-up prompt Directions: Please answer a question from part I, answer the question in Part II, and answer one of the questions from Part III for your write-up. The whole write-up must be a minimum of one page, double spaced. I look forward to our discussion. Part I: Secondary Source: R. J. Scott: “Race, Labor and Citizenship in Cuba: A View from the Sugar District of Cienfuegos, 1886-1909” List of important Spanish terms and their definitions in English (you will come across these terms in Scott’s article): Ciudadano: citizen Colono: at this time in Cuba, this was a small-scale planter Don: a type of title (like the Dr. in Dr. Jones).Being called Don So-and-so is a sign of respect. Dotación: endowment of slaves (in the context of this article.) Ferrocarril: railroad Ingenio or ingenio azucarero or ingenio de azúcar: these are all terms for a sugar mill Mulatto: This is an archaic term for a biracial person that is no longer used. At this time in Cuba, this was a person who had both Spanish and African ancestry. Questions on Scott’s “Race, Labor…” What is this article about? What, does the author claim, is the importance of her article? (in other words, how does Dr. Scott answer the “so what?!” question?)On pp. 703-704 and also on pp. 720-721, the author demonstrates the historian’s craft for us. This means that she shows us how she interpreted her data (the primary sources). What sources was she using? How did she use these sources to craft an analysis? Big question about the whole article: on the first page of her article, Dr. Scott includes an observation originally made by a representative from the US. Department of Labor from 1902: “Cuba is one of the most democratic countries in the world. Nowhere else does the least-considered member of a community aspire with more serene confidence to social equality with its most exalted personage.” It is clear that he is making fun of Cuba’s political system. But it is also clear that certain aspects of the region of Cienfuegos meshed together to make conflicts over rights and claims to rights possible. What, in your own words, is the meaning of the above quote? What were the processes that had occurred in Cienfuegos to make conflicts over rights and claims to rights by slaves and former-slaves possible? Regarding each of the processes you identified in 4b: how did each process proceed in practice? Part II: 1st Primary Source: “Freedom and Slavery” by Carlos Manuel de Céspedes According to the italicized introduction to this primary source, Céspedes’s “Freedom and Slavery “condemns slavery, in theory, but accepts it in practice”. What evidence from “Freedom and Slavery” supports this statement? Part III: 2nd Primary Source: Three US cartoons that depict Cuba in 1899, 1898, and 1905 How are Cubans represented in these three cartoons? What do these cartoons tell us about the attitude of the United States toward Cuba during this time?
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